Image source: Jhono Bennett
‘Jugaad’ is a concept that refers to an improvised, DIY response to an immediate need: turning a tire into a swing, a metallic oilcan into a stool, an old motorcycle engine into a water pump, or a bicycle into a mechanical knife-sharpener. A set of operations that are at once innovative and economical; unexpected responses that spontaneously transform difficulties into opportunities. The invention, therefore, results out of immediate necessities and financial constraints, responding by using little resources in a flexible (yet simple) manner. The context of jugaad –in that way - is usually that of the scarcity of means, and you might employ it when you cannot (or would not) afford a specialist and thus are obliged to invent a solution that responds to issues incrementally. Hence, a frugal and resilient form of innovation.
The objective of this course is for students to map diverse manifestations of jugaad in the city of Mumbai, as geography of extreme spatial diversity and dynamism. In that manner, students would be able to reflect on the differences and continuities through which objects, architectures and public spaces are constructed with this technology and eventually instrumentalize it as a methodology of design and construction. Moreover, students will not only document this phenomenon through different image-based techniques but mainly build a comprehensive set of narratives that can further the analysis of jugaad as a value of potentiality, rather than an issue of lethargy.The outcome will be set in the form of panels and booklets, which can lead to a suggestive understanding of ‘jugaad’ and eventually be taken forward as academic investigations or practice-based experimentations.Expenses for Students - Food & Stay - Rs. 24000/- ; Local Travel - Rs. 5000/-