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This course is developed with the help of the Kerala Institute of Local Administration (KILA). KILA is the collaborating partner institute for this course. This study will assess the urban vulnerability and the various initiatives of climate resilience adopted by the various urban actors and stakeholders in Kerala. According to one estimate, the level of urbanization in the state is expected to reach 92 per cent by the year 2030. It is at present 48 per cent, much higher than the national average. Kerala is primarily a coastal region with a higher population density, the large urban agglomerations such as Kochi, Trivandrum, Thrissur, Kollam etc. are more at risk of coastal hazards related to climate change. Due to the rapid urban expansions of built-up areas, land surface temperature has been increasing and the evidence shows over-exploited groundwater conditions. The recent floods of 2018 devastated major urban centres in the state leaving urban planning at the crossroads for both the policymakers and urban planners. There is an urgent need to innovate planning interventions and make the urban community resilient to these environmental and climate change-related risks.